According to Alex, the reason people are so perceptible to the negative effects from these TikToks is that they amplify society's obsession with body image.
“Problematic content also often highlights our fixation with the societal notion of ideal body types and promotes extremely unsafe weight loss and/or muscle bulking methods to an often-impressionable young audience,” says Alex.
“For someone experiencing, recovering from or at risk of an eating disorder, exposure to this kind of content can encourage eating disorder thoughts and behaviours.”
Mental health literacy is an excellent way for young people to armour themselves with the tools to identify when they’re experiencing early signs of an eating disorder.
Alex reveals how this intricate mental illness can manifest and how to identify its symptoms.
“Eating disorders are an incredibly complex mental illness… Some personality traits may make an individual more at risk, including perfectionism, obsessive-compulsiveness, neuroticism, and low core self-esteem.
“There is also strong evidence that eating disorders have a genetic basis, particularly with genes relating to food intake, appetite, metabolism and mood. However, the number one modifiable risk factor in developing an eating disorder is dieting and disordered eating,” Alex explains.
TikTok is particularly challenging because its complex and mysterious algorithm makes it hard for people to protect themselves from harmful content.
Alex encourages users to report or block videos they find triggering and to visit the e-safety office’s website, which you can find here.
Another way to navigate the app without feeling negative effects is to understand that its influencers and celebrities aren’t reliable sources of information.
“It can be extremely damaging if young people begin to compare themselves to people, often celebrities or influencers, who represent this ideal, without the understanding that it takes a team of people behind these people to make them look that way or a suite of editing applications.
"Young people must understand that this information is coming from an opinion– not an evidence or reputable base – and this can be harmful, particularly if the information relates to eating, nutrition, and exercise," says Alex.
To protect yourself from the misinformation rife on TikTok, social media literacy and understanding what an edited image looks like is critical.
"Social media literacy is key for teens in navigating certain platforms and protecting their mental health. We need to teach our young people to have a critical eye on these platforms and be aware of the use of editing, photoshopping, distortion tools and filters," explains Alex.
However, Alex identifies the educational burden rests on the education system's shoulders, which needs to provide a better curriculum and resources for young people.
If you need help or support for an eating disorder or body image issue, please call Butterfly’s National Helpline on 1800 334 673 or e-mail email@example.com.
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